1.Summarize the 1906 – Nationality Act was Congress’s first federal language law that required all those seeking naturalization to speak English. How has the event affected instruction of English language learners in your area? Are there any unintended consequences that resulted from this historical event? RESOURCE IS PROVIDED HERE

Powell, (2015). A historical overview of U.S. citizenship and naturalization laws. Retrieved from https://tingenwilliams.com/2015/historical-overview-u-s-citizenship-naturalization-laws/3623/

2. What are some of the greatest barriers preventing our schools from meeting the educational goals for ELL students today? What recommendations are offered in the readings that address these barriers? Whom do you see as potential change agents for implementing these recommendations? ONE RESOURCE AND ONE PRARGRAPH

3. In your readings and research, you will find a variety of terms used to describe an English language learner. For example, terms such as English language learner (ELL) and English learner (EL) are often used interchangeably. What additional terms have been used to describe these learners? What accounts for the evolving terminology? How does the use of particular terms affect schools, teachers, and learners? What is the term used in your area (school/district/state)? What do you think is the reason this term was selected? ONE RESOURCE AND ONE PRARGRAPH

4. Based on what you now know of ESL, bilingual, sheltered English instruction, and structured English immersion (SEI), which models do you prefer to see implemented at the elementary level and why? Which models do you prefer to see at the secondary level and why? ONE RESOURCE AND ONE PRARGRAPH